wasdeveloped by HectorSommaruga, an Italian living inLondon. The instrument takes its name from the street (Grafton Way) where his shop was initially located in the late 1940's. The decision to manufacture a saxophone from plastic was based upon the relative cheapness of the material rather than an improvement in tonal characteristics. Provisional patent specifications (#'s 604,407 and 604,418) were applied for onSeptember 14, 1945, and a non-working prototype was first shown in 1946.
The instrument was conceived to have a plastic body; bell; and key guards; a brass neck (a plastic one would break in attachment); and a mechanism which incorporated a unique springing system. Many of the posts for attaching the mechanism were cast as part of the body. Themoldingwas subcontracted to the engineering firm of Dc La Rue, utilizingaplastic compound developed by Imperial Chemical Industries.
Hector lacked the necessary financing to complete the project, and he was able to obtain the backing of Geoffrey Hawkes (of the firmBooseyand Hawkes) and John E. Dallas. The instrument was finally offered for sale to the public in 1950, at about half the cost on a conventional saxophone at the time.
The instrument was used by prominent saxophonistsOrnetteColeman,RudyValleeand, of course,Charlie Parker, who used the Grafton only outside the United Statesdue to a conflicting endorsement agreement. Hector left the Dallas Company in 1953, and moved toFrancewhere he ran a motel until his death in 1985. The company continued alto production until 1967. A tenor prototype was built, but its larger size was beyond currently available manufacturing technology. TheDallascompanyintroduced a line of clarinets, but these had severe intonation difficulties and were rejected by the market. Production ended in September 1967, and the tooling was sold for scrap. The Grafton was an interesting concept, but the final execution of the product was never acceptable to professional players…
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